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VOCs治理政策最新动态

时间:2017-11-9 9:00:10访问:

VOCs是一类挥发性有机物的统称,成分复杂,目前已经检测出的VOCs种类已达300多种。VOCs排放源非常复杂,大类上可分为自然源和人为源。国家花大力气在VOCs的污染防治工作上,VOCs治理政策持续加码,VOCs监测、治理等相关产业也将迎来黄金发展期。
VOCs is a kind of volatile organic compounds, the composition is complex, there have been detected in the VOCs type has reached more than 300. VOCs emission sources are very complex, which can be divided into natural and man-made sources. The country spent great efforts in the prevention and control of pollution of VOCs, VOCs governance policies continue to overweight, VOCs monitoring, governance and other related industries will also usher in the golden period of development.

1、VOCs是一类挥发性有机物的统称,成分复杂
1, VOCs is a kind of volatile organic compounds, the composition is complex.

VOCs是挥发性有机化合物的英文缩写。根据世界卫生组织(WHO,1989)的定义:挥发性有机化合物(VOC)是指熔点低于室温而沸点在50~260℃之间、室温下饱和蒸气压超过133.3Pa的易挥发性有机化合物的总称,其主要成分为烃类、硫化物、氨等。由于其成分复杂,目前已经检测出的VOCs种类已达300多种。
VOCs is an abbreviation for volatile organic compounds. According to the World Health Organization (WHO, 1989): volatile organic compounds (VOC) is the general term for the volatile organic compounds, which is more volatile than 133.3Pa at room temperature, and the boiling point is at 50 ~ 260. Due to its complex composition, the VOCs type has been detected more than 300 kinds of.

表1:VOCs定义与考虑因素
Table 1:VOCs definitions and considerations


2、VOCs来源广泛,4省工业源排放达150万吨
2, VOCs 4, a wide range of sources, industrial sources of emissions to 1 million 500 thousand tons

VOCs排放源非常复杂,大类上可分为自然源和人为源。自然源以植被排放为主,属不可控源。在全球尺度上,VOCs的自然源与人为源排放相当,但对于重点区域来说,人为源的排放远高于自然源,是自然源的6~18倍。
VOCs emission sources are very complex, which can be divided into natural and man-made sources. Natural source is mainly based on vegetation, which is not controlled. On the global scale, the natural sources of VOCs are equivalent to anthropogenic sources, but for the key areas, anthropogenic emissions are much higher than natural sources, which are 6 ~ 18 times of natural sources.

图1:VOCs来源分为自然源和人为源
Figure 1:VOCs source is divided into natural and man-made sources


我国的人为源VOCs排放主要来源工业过程、机动车尾气、涂料使用等,其中以工业过程的VOCs排放量大、种类多。2014年,山东、江苏、广东和浙江4个省份的工业源VOCs年排放量在100~150万吨范围内,合计排放量超过了全国总排放量的38.3%;辽宁、河南、河北、上海、四川、湖北和福建等7个省市的排放量在40-80万吨之间,合计排放量占全国比重为28.7%;余下20个省市的排放量则在0.3~40万吨之间,排放量贡献率为33%。
In China, the main source of anthropogenic VOCs emissions from industrial processes, motor vehicle exhaust, paint, etc., in which the industrial process of VOCs emissions, a variety of. 2014, Shandong, Jiangsu, Guangdong and Zhejiang provinces of 4 industrial sources 100~150 emissions in the range of VOCs years, the total emissions exceeded the national total emissions of 7; Liaoning, Hebei, Shanghai, Sichuan, Hubei and Fujian provinces and cities in 38.3% provinces, the total emissions accounted for 28.7% of the country, and the remaining 20 provinces and cities in the 0.3~40 million tons, the contribution rate was 33%.

从地域上看,我国工业源VOCs排放量集中分布在东部、南部和北部,其中山东、浙江、江苏省等区域VOCs排放量大的城市最多,而东南部、东北部和北部地区排放量大的城市数量较少,仅集中分布在少数几个经济发达和人口稠密的城市;西部地区工业发展相对落后,且地域广阔和人口相对较少,大部分地区的排放水平很低。
From the region, the VOCs emissions of industrial sources are concentrated in the East, South and North, including Shandong, Zhejiang, Jiangsu province and other regions of province, and the southeast, northeast and northern regions are less than a few economically developed and densely populated cities.

图2:我国工业源分市县VOCs排放情况
Figure 2: China's industrial sources in cities and counties VOCs emissions


图3:我国各省市VOCs排放情况
Figure 3: VOCs emissions in various provinces and cities in China


3、VOCs治理政策持续加码,排污费征收开启上千亿市场空间
3, VOCs governance policies continue to overweight, sewage charges levied on billions of open market space

雾霾经久不散,清新空气成为人们迫切需要,也因此成为国家政策引导的主题。从2010年5月到2015年6月,5年之间,国家出台了12项法规政策以确保VOCs得到有效控制。政策发布单位涵盖环保部、财政部、工信部、国务院等,表明了国家严控VOC,从源头上把控雾霾的决心。2013年国务院出台号称“史上最严格”的空气污染防治计划(《大气污染防治行动计划》),为我国未来五年开展大气污染治理奠定了基础。在13年法规基础上修订的《大气污染防治法》征求意见稿中,VOCs的产品标准被单列一条,要求制定燃煤、燃油、石油焦、生物质燃料、烟花爆竹、涂料等含挥发性有机物的产品质量标准,明确环保要求。在工业大气污染防治章节中,共有四条是和VOCs废气的防治有关,占到了该章节的一半以上,后面的相关章节中也多次涉及VOCs防控相关,由此可见国家将会花大力气在VOCs的污染防治工作上,VOCs治理相关产业也将迎来黄金发展期。
Fog and haze is not scattered, fresh air to become an urgent need, and therefore become the subject of national policy guidance. From May 2010 to June 2015, between 5 years, the state has introduced 12 regulatory policies to ensure effective control of VOCs. Policy issued by the Ministry of environmental protection, the Ministry of finance, Ministry of industry, the State Council, and so on, shows that the state strictly control VOC, from the source to control haze determination. In 2013 the State Council promulgated the "history of the most stringent" air pollution prevention and control plan (air pollution prevention action plan), for the next five years to carry out air pollution control in china. In the 13 years of legislation based on the revised air pollution prevention act, the VOCs product standards are listed, the requirements of the development of coal, fuel, petroleum coke, biomass fuels, fireworks, coatings and other products containing volatile organic standards, a clear ring. In the industrial air pollution prevention and control section, a total of four and VOCs exhaust gas prevention and control, accounting for more than half of the chapter, followed by the relevant sections of the VOCs prevention and control is also involved in many countries will spend great efforts in the prevention and control of pollution VOCs, VOCs governance related industries will also usher in a golden period of development.

表2:VOCs治理相关法规政策历程
Table 2:VOCs governance related laws and regulations policy process


有关VOCs排污收费标准的规定,由国家发展改革委、财政部、环境保护部确定。本次采用创新型排污征费模式,最大限度调动企业自主申报的积极性,政府进行动态监督,鼓励第三方参与,鼓励社会和同行业进行监督。
The provisions of the VOCs sewage charges, by the national development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of finance, the Ministry of environmental protection. The use of innovative sewage levy fee model, to maximize the mobilization of the enthusiasm of enterprises to declare their own initiative, the government for dynamic supervision, to encourage the third party to participate in, encourage social and industry supervision.

图4:VOCs排污征费模式
Figure 4:VOCs sewage levy mode


图5:VOCs排污征费工作流程
Figure 5:VOCs sewage levy work process


根据《有机废气治理行业2013年发展综述》,保守估算国内VOCs监测设备市场近200亿元,治理市场需求在300亿元/年。我们预测国内VOCs监测设备市场超500亿元,治理市场需求在200亿元/年。
According to the organic waste gas treatment industry in 2013, the development of a conservative estimate of the domestic VOCs monitoring equipment market nearly 20 billion yuan, governance market demand in 30 billion yuan / year. We predict that the domestic VOCs monitoring equipment market over 50 billion yuan, the market demand for governance in 20 billion yuan / year.

(1)、在线监测需求555亿
(1) online monitoring needs 55 billion 500 million

近期,财政部等三部委联合印发《挥发性有机物排污收费试点办法》,将VOCs的排污费与其他大气污染物提到同一高度,要求10月1日起石油化工和包装印刷作为重点行业开始征收,北京地区最高40元/公斤。高额征收标准将倒逼企业新增VOCs监测设备与治理设施。同时,“十三五”期间重点区域的污染物总量控制指标将新增VOCs。在政策的持续推动下,VOCs治理行业将迎来加速发展,而作为VOCs治理的基础与保障的监测系统,其市场则有望率先爆发。
Recently, the Ministry of Finance and other three ministries jointly issued volatile organic sewage charges pilot approach, the VOCs sewage charges and other atmospheric pollutants to the same height, the requirements of oil chemical industry and packaging printing as the focus of the industry began to levy, Beijing area of the highest 40 yuan / kg. High standards will be forced to impose new VOCs monitoring equipment and management facilities. At the same time, thirteen five period the total pollutant control targets in key areas will be added to VOCs. In the continuous promotion of the policy, VOCs governance industry will usher in accelerated development, and as the basis for VOCs governance and security monitoring system, the market is expected to lead the first outbreak.

VOCs监测市场包括城市、工业园区及污染源监测市场。VOCs在线监测设备的需求覆盖全国。
VOCs monitoring market, including urban, industrial parks and pollution sources monitoring market. VOCs online monitoring equipment needs to cover the whole country.

图6:VOCs监测市场:城市、工业园区与污染源监测市场
Figure 6:VOCs monitoring market: urban, industrial parks and pollution sources monitoring market


假设未来每个城市空气质量监测点位都增添VOCs监测设备,单套设备180万元来估算。我国现有城市监测点位1512个,城市在线监测的市场空间为27.22亿元。根据现有435个国家级产业园区和1222个省级产业园区,按照每个园区两个监测点(厂区和生活区),每个监测点投入180万元进行估算,则相关产业园区的VOCs监测市场将达到59.65亿元。根据《重点区域大气污染防治“十二五”规划重点工程项目》对于全国共计1311个VOCs重点治理企业,以及上海市进行的补贴范围面向的企业数量(重点治理企业28个,补贴企业2000个)比例来估算,VOCs监测设备在污染源端有望实现最高9.36万台。按照污染源单套监测设备50万元估算,市场空间将达468.21亿元。因此,我国在线监测市场预计555亿元。
Assume that the future air quality monitoring sites in each city are added to VOCs monitoring equipment, estimation of a single set of equipment 1 million 800 thousand yuan. China's existing urban monitoring points 1512, the market space for the city online monitoring for the first. According to the existing 435 national industrial parks and 1222 provincial industrial parks, in accordance with the two monitoring points (plant and living area), each of the 1 million 800 thousand monitoring points to be estimated, then the relevant industrial park VOCs monitoring market will reach yuan. According to the key areas of air pollution prevention and control of the Twelfth Five Year Plan key projects for the country a total of 1311 VOCs focus management companies, as well as Shanghai City, the number of subsidies for enterprises (focus on corporate governance 28, 2000) to estimate the proportion of subsidies, VOCs monitoring equipment is expected to achieve the highest in the pollution source. According to a single set of pollution sources monitoring equipment 500 thousand yuan estimates, the market space will reach yuan. Therefore, China's online monitoring market is expected to 55 billion 500 million yuan.

表3:在线监测投资额预测
Table 3: online monitoring of investment forecast


(2)、“十三五”治理设施需求超900亿
(2), "45" treatment facilities demand over 90 billion

我国作为制造业大国,涉及到VOCs污染排放的行业众多,VOCs重污染行业在我国占了全世界大部分的产能,加之企业普遍清洁生产水平较低,造成我国的VOCs排放总量巨大,因此从近期来看,中国VOCs治理的市场巨大,是其他国家在发展过程中都没遇到过的。VOCs的治理包括以下几部分:(1)工艺改进;(2)泄漏控制(LDAR);(3)浮顶罐替代固定罐或安装密闭排气系统;(4)末端处理。根据《重点区域大气污染物防治“十二五”规划重点工程项目》中所需投资总计3500亿元,其中615亿元直接用于挥发性有机物污染(VOCs)治理项目,新增挥发性有机物减排能力101万吨/年,占总投资的17.6%。可以预见“十三五”将继续新增VOCs减排能力,同时已将VOCs列入污染物总量控制指标体系,故按照治理项目在原有基础上增加50%推测,“十三五”期间针对VOCs治理项目所需投资不低于922亿元,每年投入约200亿。
China as a manufacturing power, related to the VOCs pollution emissions, VOCs heavy pollution industry in our country accounted for most of the world production capacity, coupled with the low level of corporate universal cleaner production, resulting in a huge amount of VOCs emissions in China, so the market is huge, China VOCs governance is not encountered in other countries in the development process. VOCs includes the following several parts: (1) process improvement; (2) leakage control (LDAR); (3) the floating roof tank is replaced by a fixed tank or a closed exhaust system; (4) end treatment. According to the key areas of air pollution prevention and control "Twelve five" plan key projects, the total investment of 350 billion yuan, of which 61 billion 500 million yuan directly for the treatment of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) governance projects, the new volatile organic emissions reduction capacity of 1 million 10 thousand tons / year, accounting for 17.6% of total investment. Can foreknow "45" will continue to add VOCs reduction ability, at the same time will be included in the VOCs index system of total control of pollutants, so in accordance with the project on the basis of the original 50% increase that thirteen five period for VOCs governance required for the project investment of not less than 92 billion 200 million yuan, annual investment of about 20 billion.


 
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